Volvo XC90 2015-2022 Owners Manual / Starting and driving / Winter driving

Volvo XC90: Starting and driving / Winter driving

It is important to check the vehicle before driving in cold/snowy conditions to make sure it can be driven safely.

Before the cold season arrives:

  • Make sure the engine coolant contains 50% antifreeze. This mixture helps protect the engine from frost erosion down to approx. –35 °C (–31 °F). Do not mix different types of antifreeze as this could pose a health risk.
  • Keep the fuel tank well filled to prevent condensation from forming.
  • Check the viscosity of the engine oil. Oil with low viscosity (thinner oil) improves cold-weather starting and reduces fuel consumption when driving with a cold engine.
  • Check the condition and charge level of the start battery. Cold weather places greater demands on the start battery and reduces its capacity.
  • Use washer fluid containing antifreeze to help prevent ice from forming in the washer fluid reservoir.

See separate section for engine oil recommendations.

Slippery driving conditions

To help optimize traction and roadholding, Volvo recommends using snow tires on all wheels whenever there is a risk of snow or ice on the road.

NOTE

Certain countries require use of winter tires by law. Not all countries permit the use of studded tires.

Practice driving on slippery surfaces under controlled conditions to learn how the vehicle reacts.

    Preparing for a long trip

    It is important to have the vehicle's systems and equipment checked carefully before driving long distances. Check that the engine is running properly and that fuel consumption is normal there are no leaks (fuel, oil or other fluid) the brake pedal is functioning properly tire tread depth and air pressure are at correct levels...

    Driving through standing water

    It may be necessary to drive the vehicle through standing water e.g. deep puddles or flooding on the road. This must be done with great caution. The vehicle can be driven through water up to a depth of 45 cm (17 in) at no more than walking speed...

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